Health Tips

Thrombophlebitis (pronounced THROM-B0H-FLEH-BEYE-TIS) is an inflamed vein due to blood clotting that creates blockages, usually in the legs.  The most common type is superficial thrombophlebitis. When the clot is in a deep vein it is called deep vein thrombophlebitis. Swelling and clots interfering with blood circulation in the legs is uncomfortable and can be dangerous.

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Valves are doorways that let blood flow one direction in, through, and out of the heart.  The mitral valve, on the left side of the heart, allows blood flow from the upper to the lower chambers.  When damaged, valves do not close tightly and blood leaks.  Mitral valve regurgitation is when blood leaks backward into the upper chamber of the heart, forcing the heart to work harder to pump the excess blood.  Over time, the heart weakens and fails.

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Venous leg ulcers are one of the most common types of skin ulcers and mainly develop just above the ankle. The skin breaks down revealing the underlying flesh in a sore.

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With warmer weather and swimsuit season around the corner, many people are getting ready to exercise.  Exercise promotes a healthy lifestyle for everyone but is especially crucial for those with cardiovascular issues. Five major risk factors for heart disease are high blood pressure, abnormal cholesterol, smoking, obesity and an inactive lifestyle.  Exercise may improve four out of the five risk factors.

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Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) is when the peripheral arteries to the legs and other extremities narrow. Fats and cholesterol build up in the veins causing plaque deposits. This blockage is called atherosclerosis and is the primary cause of PAD. Insufficient levels of oxygen reach those areas because PAD allows less blood to travel through.

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Summertime means shorts or dresses and reminds us that varicose and spider veins are unappealing.

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