Hypertension (high blood pressure) happens when the blood puts too much force on the artery walls. This pressure damages the tissue inside the arteries which creates plaque along the artery walls.

Elevated blood pressure is determined by how much blood the heart is trying to pump into narrowed arteries. The more blood the heart pumps into an increasingly narrow artery, the higher your blood pressure. This causes the heart and blood vessels to work harder which can lead to harm.


  1. Primary hypertension has no definite cause. This type of high blood pressure develops over time.
  2. Secondary hypertension occurs suddenly and is caused by an existing medical condition such as:
    • Kidney issues
    • Obstructive sleep apnea
    • Adrenal gland tumors
    • Congenital defects of the blood vessels
    • Thyroid problems
    • Birth control, cold remedies, decongestants, pain relievers, and some prescription drugs
    • Alcohol abuse
    • Illegal drugs

Usually, blood pressure (mild or severe), carries no signs. Some non-specific symptoms that a few people might experience are headaches, nosebleeds and shortness of breath.

*Stock photographs and artwork are for illustrative purposes only. This article contains general information about medical conditions and treatments. The information is not advice, and should not be treated as such. You must not rely on this article as an alternative to medical advice from your doctor or other healthcare providers.