Chronic Venous Disorders

A collective term that describes a sustained impairment of venous blood return.  Symptoms of CVD can include: 

  • Swelling
  • Feeling of heaviness in the legs
  • Pain or cramps in the calves
  • Skin discolorations or other problems
  • Dry or weeping eczema
  • Leg Ulcers
  • Visible Veins


Some Risk Factors include: 

  • Heredity
  • Over the age of 40
  • Pregnancy
  • Obesity
  • Prolonged sitting or standing
  • Long distance travel
  • Sedentary lifestyle (Irregular or no physical activity)
  • Surgery or trauma
  • Infectious disease
  • Use of hormone medications


Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)

Peripheral artery disease (P.A.D.) is a disease in which plaque builds up in the arteries that carry blood to your head, organs, and limbs. Plaque is made up of fat, cholesterol, calcium, fibrous tissue, and other substances in the blood.



Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD)

Peripheral vascular disease is a condition in which the blood vessels in the lower extremities (feet, legs, or thighs) are narrowed, restricting blood flow. Peripheral vascular disease is primarily caused by atherosclerosis, the buildup of plaque in blood vessels.


Venous Insufficiency

Venous insufficiency is caused when the valves in the veins fail to function properly.  This interferes with the return of blood to the heart and causes blood to pool in the veins.  Venous insufficiency can become chronic and lead to spider veins, varicose veins, phlebitis, blood clots, and venous leg ulcers.

Spider veins 

Spider veins are tiny purple veins near the surface of the skin that appear perpetually dilated and visible. The small capillaries commonly appear on the surface of the thighs, calves and ankles.

Varicose veins

Varicose veins are twisted, enlarged veins near the surface of the skin.  They are most common in the legs and ankles.  


Phlebitis is inflammation of the walls of the vein. 

Blood clots

Blood clots are consisted of semisolid masses of coagulated blood, which can cause pain and discomfort.  Blood clots can also lead to more serious symptoms like limited or blocked blood flow.  Blood clots can also travel to the arteries or veins in the brain, heart, kidneys, lungs and limbs, which in turn can cause heart attack, stroke, damage to the body’s organs or even death.  

Venous Leg ulcers

Venous leg ulcers are shallow wounds that occur when the leg veins do not return blood back toward the heart the way they should.  This is called venous insufficiency.  These ulcers usually form on the sides of the lower leg above the ankle and below the calf.






Carolina Heart & Leg Center, PA
3637 Cape Center Drive
Fayetteville, NC  28304

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